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ST202 (Aug) 3:0 Renewable Energy - Technology, Economics and Economics
 
Topics covered:
Environmental implications of fossil fuels, air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and land degradation, fossil fuel supply and consumption in India. Renewable energy technologies, solar, wind, biomass, hydro etc. Technical and economic potential. Technology status, global and India, Economic analysis, Renewable energy programmes, policies and measures. Environmental implications of renewable energy, Case studies on renewable energy projects
 
References:
 
  • Renewable Energy - Sources for fuels and electricity: Eds. Johansson T B, Kelly H, Reddy AKN and Williams, RH, Island Press, 1993.

  • Solar energy  - Fundamentals and Applications, H P Garg and J P Prakash, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1997.

  • Boyle G, Renewable Energy Power for a sustainable Future, Oxford Univ Press, 1996

  • Cassidy E and P Grossman, Introduction to Energy Resources, Cambridge Univ Press, 1998.

 
ST203 (Aug) 3:0 Technology and Sustainable Development
 
Topics covered:
Technology, Sustainability & Development: Definitions, Dimensions, Interpretations, Concepts and Principles; Current Issues and debates (examples, case studies and mini-assignment/project); Science, Engineering and Technology – concepts and interrelationship.  Science, Technology and Design - Socio-Environmental and Economic Implications. Integrated (systemic) Sustainability Assessment, Modeling and Forecasting; Integrated Life-Cycle Studies; Identification and Selection of Appropriate Design/Technologies (examples, case studies and mini-assignment/project).
 
References:
 
  • Bell, Simon and Stephen Morse  (1998)  Sustainability Indicators:  Measuring the immeasurable;  Earthscan,  London.

  • Technology Management Newsletter www.techmotivator.iitm.ac.in

  • Mani, M., Ganesh, L.S., and Varghese, K  (2005)  Sustainability and Human Settlements: Fundamental Issues, Modeling and Simulations, Sage Pub., New Delhi.

  • Petroski, Henry  (1994)  The Evolution of Useful Things;  Vintage Books,  New York.

  • DeGregori, Thomas R.  (1989)  A Theory of Technology:  Continuity and change in human development; Affiliated East-West, New Delhi.

  • Rhodes, Richard (Ed.)  (1999)  Visions of Technology;  Simon and Schuster,  New York.

  • Weaver, Paul et al  (2000)  Sustainable Technology Development;  Greenleaf,  Sheffield.

  • Bossel, Hartmut  (1998)  Earth at a Crossroads:  Paths to a sustainable future;  Cambridge,  Cambridge.

  • Bunch, Bryan and Alexander Hellemans  (1993)  The Timetables of Technology;  Simon & Schuster,  New York.

  • Dyson, James and Robert Uhlig (Eds.)  (2001)  Great Inventions;  Robinson,  London.

 
ST201 (Jan) 2:0 Modern Bio-energy Technology
 
Topics covered:
Biomass and its properties relevant for conversion technology, Bio-energy conversion technologies – Thermochemical and Biological.  Energy conversion devices – stoves, combustors and gasifiers for heat, power and co-generation applications. Biologocial conversion techniquies and devices.  Efficiency, emissions and performance of end use devices
 
References:
 
  • Combustion Engineering, Gary L Borman and Kenneth W Ragland, McGraw-Hill International editions, Mechanical engineering series.

  • Renewable Energy - Sources for fuels and electricity : Eds. Johansson T B, Kelly H, Reddy AKN and Williams, RH, Island Press, 1993.

  • Biomass, energy and environment - Ravindranath and Hall, Oxford Press, 1995.

  • Relevant paper from current literature

 
ST206 (Jan) 2:1 Environmental and Natural Resources Management
 
Topics covered:
Principles of Environmental Management., Principles of Ecology, Environment & Environmental Management, Policies and Legal Aspect of Environmental Management, Overview of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). Preparation and Review of Environmental Impact Assessment Report, Environmental Audit, Life Cycle Assessment as EM Tool. Environmental Management Systems Standards: ISO 14000 (EMS). Related Issues in Environmental Management,. Environmental Design. Environmental Economics.
 
References:
 
  • Vijay Kulkarni and Ramachandra T.V., 2006. Environmental Management, Capital Publishers, New Delhi

  • C.P. Lo and Albert K.W. Yeung 2002. Concepts and Techniques of GIS, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi.

  • EMS Manual, 21 Procedures, and Forms, by Jack Kanholm, AQA Press, USA, 2000.

  • Holling, C.S., (1987), Adaptive Environmental Assessment & Management, John Willey & Sons, New York.

  • John R. Jensen, 2002. Remote sensing of the environment, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi

  • Meadows, D.H, Meadows. D.L., Randers, J., and Behrens, W .W. 1972 The Limits of Growth, Earth Island Ltd., London.

  • Meadows. D.H., Meadows, D.L. and Randers. J., 1992. Beyond the Limits; Global Collapse or Sustainable Future, Earth Scan Publications Limited, London.

  • Munashinge, M. and Schwab, A., 1993.  Environmental Economics and Natural Resource Management in Developing Countries, World Bank, New York.

  • Munasinge, M., 1993, Environmental Economics and Sustainable Development, World Bank Environmental Paper 3, World Bank, New York.

  • Peter A. Burrough and Rachel A. McDonnell, 1998. Principles of Geographic Information System, Oxford University Press.

  • Thomas M. Lillesand and Ralph W. Kiefer. 2002. Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Singapore.

  • World Commission on Environment and Development. 1987. Our Common Future, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

ST210 (AUG/SUM) 3:1 Principles and Applications of GIS and Remote Sensing
 
Relevance of the Course:
Remote sensing, geographic information system (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS) provides extremely useful tools for environmental and natural resources management. They are widely recognized as supporting tools for the planning, monitoring, and management of the appropriate utilization of resources at the country, regional and global levels. This course provides an overview of the key concepts and principles of remote sensing, GIS and digital image processing. Various tools, which can be used to address environmental problems and the role that the professionals can play in managing environment in their respective areas would be discussed.
 
Topics covered:
Principles of Remote Sensing: Physical aspects of remote sensing, spectral characteristics of earth's surface and of atmosphere. Sensors and their characteristics: multi-spectral scanners Aerial and satellite platforms. Visual and machine interpretation of imagery. Ground truth data. Digital image processing and image classification. Concept of environment, economic benefits of remote sensing, the geographical uses of remote sensing, sensors for environmental monitoring.
Geographical information systems: Introduction, historical development, from the real world to GIS, basic data models, Geo-references and co-ordinate systems, basic spatial analysis and modeling, GIS implementation and project management, GIS issues and prospects, open source GIS concepts, Integrating GIS for environmental modeling. Data models and data quality -Problems and prospects.
Application of GIS and Remote Sensing: Remote sensing and GIS integration, Applications to resources inventorying, monitoring and management. Water in environment, Soil and landforms, Ecology, conservation and resource management, Landuse/landcover dynamics, Urban sprawl analysis, Hazards and disasters, Coastal zone management.
 
Laboratory sessions:
Installing open source GIS software, GIS- digitization of vector layers, creation of thematic layers, collection of field data using GPS, remote sensing data analysis case study.
 
References:
 
  • T.M. Lillesand and R.W. Kiefer, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York

  • James B. Cambell, Introduction to Remote Sensing, Taylor & Francis

  • John R Jensen Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote Sensing Perspective, Prentice Hall, New Jersey

  • Sabins, F. F., Jr. / Remote sensing Principles and Interpretation, 2nd Edition, New York

  • P.A. Burrough, Principles of Geographical Information System for Land Resource Assessment, Oxford University Press

  • P.A. Longley, M.F. Goodchild, D.J. Manguire, D.W. Rhino, Geographical Information System, Volume I: Principal and Technical Issues, Volume II: Management Issues and Applications, John Wiley & Sons

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